The creation of the United Nations brought the people and nations of the world together with aim to promote peace, human rights and social and economic development. The Organization was founded on the basic premise of unity and harmony among its members, expressed in the concept of collective security that relies on the solidarity of its members to unite “to maintain international peace and security.”
In the Millennium Declaration, Solidarity is being identified as one of the fundamental values of international relations in the 21st Century, wherein those, who either suffer or benefit least deserve help from those who benefit most. Consequently, in the context of globalization and the challenge of growing inequality, strengthening of international solidarity is indispensable.
On 22 December 2005, The General Assembly by resolution 60/209 identified solidarity as one of the fundamental and universal values that should underlie relations between peoples in the twenty-first century, and in that regard decided to proclaim 20th December of each year International Human Solidarity Day.
By resolution 57/265 the General Assembly, on 20th December 2002, established the World Solidarity Fund, which was set up in February 2003 as a trust fund of the United Nations Development Programme. Its objective is to eradicate poverty and promote human and social development in developing countries, in particular among the poorest segments of their populations.
Through many different initiatives such as the establishment of World Solidarity Fund in order to eradicate poverty and the proclamation of International Human Solidarity Day, the whole concept of solidarity was promoted as crucial in the fight against poverty and in the involvement of all relevant stakeholders.
On 20th December 2020, we celebrate the Human Solidarity Day by:
- celebrating our unity in diversity;
- reminding governments to respect their commitments to international agreements;
- raising public awareness of the importance of solidarity;
- encouraging debate on the ways to promote solidarity for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals including poverty eradication;
- taking action to encourage new initiatives for poverty eradication.