Different types of education

Education plays an important role of everyone’s life.  It is the process of gaining knowledge, learning new skills, shaping one’s character.

When we talk about education and knowledge,  we don’t necessarily talk about the knowledge contained in the books,  but as much broader concept that helps in the enhancement of the skills and mental abilities of human beings. It goes beyond the classrooms, schools and colleges.

Education can be gained in through different forms and situations such as: schools, life experiences and extra-curricular activities.

So it can be divided as follows:

  • Formal Education
  • Informal Education
  • Non-formal Education


Formal education is the one that works under the framework set by individual boards of education.  Formal education includes educational institutions, classrooms, specially trained teachers, teaching equipment, extra-curricular activities, competitions, examinations and a curriculum or syllabus. Formal education, as the name suggests, is very structured in natures as proper guidelines are laid, and the students are expected to work under these guidelines.


Informal education is the type of knowledge that one gains through several life experiences. This knowledge can be the one that we obtain from our parents and elders, brothers and sisters, friends etc. It does not contain the theoretical knowledge of the books.

Learning to drive, cook, make specific arrangements, and booking appointments are some example of informal education. Informal education is gained under the influence of society and the community, and the best teacher that will teach you informal education is the experiences and the encounters that the people are facing.


Non-formal education is one that is framed according to the requirement of a particular job. This type of training is not considered as a necessity but more of a skill. Such kind of education should be promoted more as they are proficient in catering to industrial needs. A proper framework can be developed in making this education more mainstream.